buddhist temples in nepal
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List of Buddhist Temples in Nepal

Have you ever wondered about the numerous Buddhist temples in Nepal? From the iconic Swayambhunath and Boudhanath monasteries in Kathmandu to the sacred birthplace of Lord Buddha in Lumbini, the country offers a rich tapestry of spiritual and cultural experiences. But the list doesn't end there. There are also hidden gems like Kopan Monastery and Namobuddha Monastery, each with their own unique significance. Whether you're a pilgrim seeking enlightenment or a traveler looking to immerse yourself in Nepal's rich heritage, the Buddhist temples in this country hold countless stories and traditions waiting to be discovered.

Bouddhanath Monastery

Bouddhanath Monastery, the largest monastery in Nepal, is a significant pilgrimage site included in the UNESCO World Heritage Cultural site list. Situated in Bouddha, Kathmandu, this Buddhist monastery holds great importance for both locals and visitors alike. The monastery was energized by Tibetan refugees who sought refuge in Nepal after the Chinese invasion in 1959.

Bouddhanath Monastery is not only a religious site but also a cultural treasure. It serves as a spiritual hub for Tibetan Buddhists and attracts pilgrims from all over the world. The immense size and grandeur of the monastery are captivating, with its towering white dome-shaped stupa at the center. The stupa is adorned with colorful prayer flags, and devotees can be seen circumambulating it in a clockwise direction, turning prayer wheels as they go.

Adjacent to Bouddhanath Monastery is the renowned Kopan Monastery, which houses over 300 Tibetan Buddhist monks. Kopan Monastery offers a breathtaking view of the Boudha town and the majestic Himalayan mountain range. The monastery's serene ambiance and the presence of a magnificent Bodhi tree create a tranquil setting for meditation and reflection.

As one explores Bouddhanath Monastery, the air is filled with the sounds of chanting, the fragrance of incense, and the sight of devoted worshippers engaging in prayer and prostrations. The monastery's architectural beauty, combined with its religious and cultural significance, make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a deeper understanding of Buddhism and its practices.

Swoyambhunath Monastery

Situated on a hilltop in the Kathmandu valley, Swoyambhunath Monastery offers panoramic views and holds significant religious and cultural importance as one of the oldest monasteries in the world. Here are three key points about Swoyambhunath Monastery:

  1. Monkey Temple: Swoyambhunath is often referred to as the "monkey temple" due to the large number of monkeys that inhabit the area. These playful creatures add to the unique atmosphere of the monastery and are considered sacred by the locals.
  2. Buddha Eyes Symbol: One of the most iconic features of Swoyambhunath is the Buddha eyes symbol. Painted on the stupa, these eyes symbolize the all-seeing wisdom and compassion of the Buddha. They serve as a constant reminder of the Buddhist teachings and attract visitors from all over the world.
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Site: Recognizing its historical significance, Swoyambhunath Monastery has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Cultural site list. This designation highlights its cultural importance and ensures its preservation for future generations.

The monastery is known as the "self-existent" as it is believed to have existed long before the arrival of Buddhism in Nepal. It has witnessed centuries of religious and cultural practices, making it a living testament to the rich heritage of the region.

Visiting Swoyambhunath Monastery allows you to immerse yourself in the spiritual atmosphere of the Kathmandu valley while enjoying breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. Whether you are a devout Buddhist or simply an admirer of history and culture, a visit to this ancient monastery is a must.

Kopan Monastery

Kopan Monastery, nestled behind the iconic Bouddhanath Stupa in Kathmandu, Nepal, offers a serene and spiritual retreat for over 300 Tibetan Buddhist monks who engage in religious practices and studies. This Tibetan Buddhist monastery provides a peaceful haven amidst the bustling city, allowing the monks to focus on their spiritual journey.

The monastery's location behind the Bouddhanath Stupa grants it a panoramic view of the vibrant Boudha town and the majestic Himalayan mountain range. This breathtaking sight enhances the serene ambiance of Kopan Monastery, creating an atmosphere conducive to meditation and contemplation.

One of the prominent features of Kopan Monastery is the magnificent Bodhi tree that dominates the premises. This sacred tree holds great significance in Buddhism, as it is believed to be the tree under which Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and became the Buddha. The presence of this Bodhi tree adds to the spiritual energy of the monastery, allowing the monks to connect with the enlightened teachings of the Buddha.

Kopan Monastery also holds historical significance as it was once the residence of the astrologer to the King of Nepal. This connection to the royal court reflects the monastery's importance in the cultural and religious landscape of Nepal. It serves as a symbol of the rich heritage and traditions that have been preserved throughout the centuries.

Namobuddha Monastery

Namobuddha Monastery, located 38 km east of Kathmandu, is an important pilgrimage site for Tibetan Buddhists, drawing devotees in search of spiritual solace. Here are some key facts about Namobuddha Monastery:

  1. Buddha's Sacrifice: The monastery commemorates the story of Buddha's sacrifice for a starving tigress. This act of compassion and selflessness serves as a powerful symbol for practitioners of Tibetan Buddhism.
  2. Three Yanas: Designed by Thrangu Rinpoche, Namobuddha Monastery represents the three yanas or vehicles of Buddhism. These are the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajrayana, which offer different paths towards enlightenment.
  3. Spiritual Significance: The monastery holds great spiritual significance, attracting visitors who seek spiritual growth and enlightenment. Its peaceful surroundings and serene atmosphere provide the perfect setting for meditation and reflection.

The monastery features a stunning Stupa adorned with Buddha's all-seeing eyes, symbolizing wisdom and enlightenment. The ancient stone slab found here adds to the historical and cultural value of the monastery. With its tranquil environment and rich symbolism, Namobuddha Monastery offers a space for Tibetan Buddhists to connect with their faith and deepen their understanding of Buddhist teachings.

Visiting Namobuddha Monastery allows one to witness the profound spiritual devotion of Tibetan Buddhists and experience the transformative power of compassion and selflessness. Whether you are a devoted practitioner or simply seeking a moment of peace and tranquility, Namobuddha Monastery offers a sacred space for spiritual exploration and growth.


Lumbini, known as the birthplace of Lord Buddha, holds immense historical and cultural significance as one of the top Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Nepal. Located in the Rupandehi district, Lumbini is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that attracts thousands of pilgrims and tourists annually.

At the heart of Lumbini is the Maya Devi Temple, a focal point of worship for Buddhists around the world. Designed by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, the temple is dedicated to Maya Devi, the mother of Lord Buddha. It is believed that she gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Buddha, while standing under a Bodhi tree in this very spot.

The sacredness of Lumbini is further enhanced by the presence of the Ramagrama Stupa. Located in the Parasi District of Lumbini, this stupa houses relics of Gautama Buddha. It is said that after Buddha's cremation, his remains were divided into eight parts, and one of these parts was enshrined in the Ramagrama Stupa. This adds to the historical and cultural significance of Lumbini, making it a place of reverence and pilgrimage for Buddhists from all over the world.

As a pilgrimage site, Lumbini offers a serene and peaceful environment for visitors to connect with their spirituality. The historical significance, cultural heritage, and sacredness of this place make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Buddhism or seeking inner peace. Lumbini truly embodies the teachings and legacy of Lord Buddha, making it a place of profound significance in the Buddhist world.