White traditional building with a gold spire reflecting in water, under a blue sky with white clouds, and visitors nearby.
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Lumbini Province

Imagine stepping into a land where history and spirituality intertwine, where ancient tales unfold like the pages of a sacred script. Welcome to Lumbini Province, a gateway to a world steeped in tradition and enlightenment. As you traverse through its diverse landscapes and immerse yourself in its vibrant culture, you'll discover the secrets that make this province truly unique. But that's just the beginning of the journey. Stay with us as we unravel the hidden gems of Lumbini Province, and embark on an adventure that will leave you yearning for more.


The etymology of Lumbini Province, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, reveals the deep-rooted connection this province has to the life and teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. The name 'Lumbini' holds great significance as it means 'the lovely' in Nepal. This name perfectly reflects the beauty and serenity of the birthplace of Buddha, making it an ideal location for Buddhist pilgrimage.

Lumbini Province, also known as Lumbini Pradesh in Nepali, was officially named on October 6, 2020, prior to which it was referred to as Province No. 5. The decision to name the province after Lumbini highlights the historical ties it possesses to Buddhism and the immense respect it holds as the birthplace of Gautama Buddha.

For Buddhists around the world, Lumbini is a sacred pilgrimage site. It is the place where the enlightened one, Siddhartha Gautama, was born and eventually became the Buddha. The province's etymology serves as a constant reminder of the profound teachings and journey of Gautama Buddha, attracting countless visitors each year.

Nestled in Nepal, Lumbini Province embodies the essence of Buddhism. It is a place of tranquility, where one can reflect on the teachings of Gautama Buddha and find inner peace. The etymology of Lumbini Province serves as a powerful symbol, connecting people to the origins of Buddhism and inspiring them to embark on a spiritual journey.


Delve into the captivating history of Lumbini Province, a land steeped in ancient traditions and archaeological wonders. This province holds immense historical significance, being the birthplace of Gautama Buddha. Lumbini pilgrimage site, located here, attracts millions of visitors from all over the world who come to pay homage to the enlightened one.

The historical roots of Lumbini Province run deep, with archaeological evidence of Sivapithecus and pre-historic studies conducted by various institutions. These studies have shed light on the early human settlements and their way of life in this region. Additionally, the great Mauryan Emperor Ashoka erected Pillars of Ashoka in Lumbini, including one in 249 BC. He not only declared the village tax-free but also built various stupas and monasteries, contributing to the growth and development of the area.

Lumbini Province is not only a place of historical significance but also a cultural heritage site. It is home to the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Lumbini, which showcases the profound influence of Buddhism on the region's art, architecture, and way of life. The province's rich cultural heritage is evident in its temples, monasteries, and ancient ruins that have stood the test of time.

Covering an area of 22,288 sq.km, Lumbini Province encompasses diverse geographical regions. From the majestic High Himalayas to the rugged High Mountains, and from the scenic Middle Mountains to the fertile Siwalik and Terai regions, this province offers breathtaking landscapes and natural beauty.


Immerse yourself in the diverse geographical features of Lumbini Province, a land blessed with majestic mountains, lush forests, and fertile plains. Here are three things you should know about the geography of this beautiful region:

  • Lumbini Province is located in western Nepal, bordering Gandaki and Karnali Provinces to the north and Uttar Pradesh and Bihar of India to the south. This strategic location makes it a gateway to both the stunning Himalayas and the vibrant cultural heritage of India.
  • The province covers an area of 22,288 square kilometers, offering a range of geographical features that will leave you in awe. From the towering peaks of the High Himalayas to the rugged beauty of the Middle Mountains, and from the rolling hills of the Siwalik region to the fertile plains of the Terai, Lumbini Province has it all.
  • One of the most iconic landmarks in Lumbini Province is the World Heritage Site of Lumbini itself. This sacred birthplace of Gautama Buddha attracts millions of visitors each year, who come to pay homage to this revered figure and explore the surrounding monasteries and temples.

With its diverse geographical features and rich cultural heritage, Lumbini Province offers a unique blend of natural beauty and spiritual serenity. Whether you're seeking adventure in the mountains, tranquility in the forests, or a deep connection to Buddhism, Lumbini Province has something for everyone. So pack your bags and get ready to embark on a journey of discovery and enlightenment in this enchanting corner of Nepal.


Discover the vibrant demographics of Lumbini Province, where a diverse cultural and ethnic landscape thrives within its boundaries. With a population of 4,499,272, Lumbini Province is a melting pot of different ethnic groups and communities. Over half of the population resides in urban areas, contributing to the province's bustling atmosphere.

The largest ethnic group in Lumbini Province is the Tharu community, making up 15.2% of the population. The Tharus have a rich history and unique cultural traditions that add to the province's cultural diversity. Alongside the Tharus, other significant ethnic groups include the Magar, Chettri, Brahman (Hill), and Muslim communities. Each of these communities brings their own heritage and customs, creating a vibrant tapestry of cultures.

Lumbini Province's demographics reflect its commitment to inclusivity and respect for various ethnic backgrounds. The province is a testament to the harmonious coexistence of different groups, fostering an environment where cultural diversity thrives. It is a place where people can celebrate their heritage while embracing the traditions of others.

The province's urban areas serve as hubs of interaction and exchange, where people from different backgrounds come together. These bustling centers showcase the province's cosmopolitan nature, with diverse communities living side by side. As you explore Lumbini Province, you will encounter a vibrant mix of languages, cuisines, and cultural practices that reflect the rich demographics of the region.

Administrative Subdivisions

Lumbini Province is divided into 12 districts and 109 local governments for administrative purposes, creating a well-structured system that efficiently manages the region's affairs. This system ensures that the province's resources are effectively utilized and the needs of its diverse population are met. Here are some key facts about the administrative subdivisions of Lumbini Province:

  • The province covers an area of 22,288 square kilometers, which makes up about 15.11% of Nepal's total area. This vast expanse of land is divided into 12 districts, each with its own unique characteristics and attractions.
  • With a population of 4,499,272, Lumbini Province is home to a diverse range of ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group in the province is the Tharu, who make up 15.2% of the population. This ethnic diversity enriches the cultural fabric of the province and contributes to its vibrant and inclusive atmosphere.
  • The capital of Lumbini Province is Deukhuri, also known as Butwal. Deukhuri serves as the administrative center, where important decisions are made and government services are provided. It is a bustling city that offers a range of amenities and facilities to cater to the needs of the province's residents.