A close-up of steamed dumplings with pleated edges arranged tightly next to each other.


Momos, a popular dish in various South Asian countries, have a rich and diverse history. The origins of momos can be traced back to the fourteenth century, although there is debate over whether they originated in Nepal or Tibet.

One prevalent belief is that momos were initially popular among the Newar community in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. It is suggested that traveling Nepali Newar merchants took the recipe from Tibet, where they traded, and brought it back to Nepal. Another theory proposes that momos were introduced to Tibet by a Nepalese Newari princess who was married to a Tibetan king in the late fifteenth century.

Traditional Tibetan momos were made with a thick dough and typically filled with meat such as yak, along with occasional additions of potatoes and cheese. However, in Nepal, momos have evolved to include various fillings such as mutton, chicken, pork, and even vegetables.

Over time, momos gained popularity not only in Nepal and Tibet but also in China, Japan, and other parts of Asia. The dish made its way into the culinary traditions of these countries, adapting to local tastes and ingredients.

Today, momos are a beloved street food in Nepal and have also gained immense popularity in many other parts of the world. Variations of momos can be found in different countries, each with its own unique twist on the dish.

Different Varieties of Momos

Momos, the Nepalese version of dumplings, come in a wide variety of flavors and fillings. These delectable dumplings are a popular dish in Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, and India, and have gained popularity around the world. Here are some of the different varieties of momos that you can find:

  1. Beef Momo: Made with minced beef as the filling, beef momos are savory and flavorful. The meat is mixed with aromatic spices and herbs, creating a delicious combination of flavors.
  2. Chicken Momo: Chicken momos are a popular choice among meat lovers. The chicken is finely minced and mixed with a blend of spices and herbs, resulting in a juicy and succulent filling.
  3. Pork Momo: Pork momos are a favorite in many regions. The filling is made from minced pork, which is seasoned with spices and herbs to create a rich and savory taste.
  4. Vegan Momo: For those who prefer a plant-based option, vegan momos are a great choice. These dumplings are filled with a combination of vegetables, tofu, and sometimes mushrooms, creating a flavorful and satisfying dish.

Aside from the different types of fillings, momos also come in various cooking styles and preparations. Here are some popular variations:

  1. Steamed Momo: Steamed momos are the classic and most common way of preparing these dumplings. The momos are placed in a steamer and cooked until the dough is soft and the filling is cooked through.
  2. Fried Momo: Fried momos are a delicious alternative to the steamed version. The dumplings are first steamed and then pan-fried to create a crispy texture on the outside while maintaining the juicy filling inside.
  3. Open Momo: Open momos are a unique twist on the traditional dumpling. Instead of being sealed completely, these dumplings are left partially open, allowing the filling to be partially exposed while steaming or frying.
  4. Cheese Momo: Cheese momos are a delightful variation that includes a cheesy filling along with the traditional ingredients. The melted cheese adds a creamy and indulgent element to the dumplings.
  5. Chocolate Momo: For those with a sweet tooth, chocolate momos are a delightful treat. These dessert momos are filled with melted chocolate, creating a gooey and decadent filling.

These are just a few examples of the different varieties of momos that you can find. Each region and restaurant may have their own unique spin on this beloved dish, incorporating local flavors and ingredients.

Momo Dish on a Black Plate

Popular Momo Restaurants

As the demand for momo continues to grow, several momo restaurants have emerged as popular destinations for locals and tourists alike.

One such restaurant is ‘Momo Kings,’ owned by Mahedra Shakya, located in the bustling city of Kathmandu. With three branches in the city, Momo Kings has become a go-to spot for momo enthusiasts. Shakya attributes the success of his restaurants to the authentic flavor of his momo, which is made using traditional methods. The use of high-quality ingredients and the perfect blend of spices ensure that each momo is bursting with flavor. The popularity of Momo Kings has prompted Shakya to consider expanding his business by opening momo restaurants in New Delhi, capital of India.

Another popular momo destination in Nepal is the ‘Nepali Momo Kitchen,’ located at 532 N. 15th St. This restaurant offers a variety of momo options, including traditional meat fillings as well as vegetarian and vegan alternatives. The menu at Nepali Momo Kitchen caters to a diverse range of tastes and dietary preferences, making it a favorite among locals and foreigners alike. The restaurant’s commitment to using fresh ingredients and their attention to detail in preparation ensure that every momo served is of high quality.

When it comes to momo, the flavors and fillings can vary widely, and it is the diversity that makes momo a beloved dish. From the classic meat and cheese fillings to the more adventurous vegetable options, momo has something to offer everyone. Whether you prefer the traditional flavors or enjoy experimenting with new combinations, momo restaurants in Nepal have got you covered.

Apart from the local momo restaurants, momo has also found its way into international cuisine. In the United States, for example, Nepali dumpling houses like the ones in Philadelphia have gained recognition for their delicious momos. These establishments, such as the one mentioned in the article, serve momos with a unique twist to cater to the American palate. The fusion of traditional Nepali flavors with local preferences has made momo a hit among both the Nepali community and those curious to try something new.

Preparation of Momos

Making the Momo Dough

The dough is a crucial element in making delicious momos. It needs to be soft, pliable, and able to hold the filling without breaking apart. Here is a-by-step guide on how to make the perfect momo dough.

  1. Gather your ingredients: You will need all-purpose flour, salt, and lukewarm water.
  2. In a large mixing bowl, sift the all-purpose flour to remove any lumps. Add a pinch of salt to enhance the flavor of the dough.
  3. Slowly pour lukewarm water into the flour while mixing it with your hands or a spoon. The water should be added gradually to achieve the right consistency. The dough should come together and form a firm but soft ball.
  4. If the dough is too wet and sticky, add more flour a little at a time. If it is too dry and crumbly, add a small amount of water and knead it until the dough becomes pliable.
  5. Once the dough has reached the desired consistency, cover it with a damp towel and let it rest for at least 20 minutes. This resting time will allow the gluten in the dough to relax, making it easier to roll out later.
  6. After resting, divide the dough into small, evenly-sized pieces, approximately 7 grams each. This will ensure that each momo wrapper is of the same size.
  7. Dust your work surface with flour to prevent the dough from sticking. Take one piece of dough and flatten it with your palm.
  8. Using a rolling pin, roll out the dough into a thin, circular wrapper. Rotate the wrapper as you roll to maintain an even thickness.
  9. Repeat the process with the remaining pieces of dough until you have a stack of momo wrappers ready to be filled.

By following these steps, you will have prepared the perfect momo dough for your delicious dumplings. The soft and pliable texture of the dough will make it easier to fold and shape the momos, ensuring a tasty and satisfying end result. Now, it’s time to move on to preparing the filling and assembling the momos before steaming them to perfection.

momos, food, resturant

Preparing the Momo Filling

The filling is an essential component of momos, and it’s where you can get creative with flavors and ingredients. Whether you prefer meat, vegetables, or a combination of both, the filling should be delicious and full of flavor. Here are a few different momo filling recipes to try:

  1. Meat Filling:

To make a meat filling for momos, you will need ground beef, pork, or lamb. In a bowl, combine the ground meat with finely chopped onions, garlic, ginger, and cabbage. You can also add coriander leaf (cilantro), soy sauce, and a little stock if you have it. These ingredients will add depth and enhance the flavors of the meat. Mix everything well until the ingredients are evenly distributed.

  1. Vegetarian Filling:

For a vegetarian momo filling, you can use tofu and mushrooms instead of meat. Heat some oil in a pan and add crumbled tofu. Cook it for a couple of minutes on medium heat before adding jalapenos, scallions, carrots, cabbage, garlic, and soy sauce. Season with salt, black pepper, and any other spices you like. Cook everything on medium heat for 3-5 minutes until the filling is well cooked and flavorful.

  1. Paneer (Indian cottage cheese) Filling:

If you enjoy Indian flavors, a paneer filling is a great option. Heat oil in a pan and add paneer crumbles. Cook for 2 minutes on medium heat before adding jalapenos, scallions, carrots, cabbage, garlic, and soy sauce. Season with salt, black pepper, and any other spices you prefer. Cook everything on medium heat for 3-5 minutes until the filling is well cooked and aromatic.

Once your filling is prepared, set it aside and let it cool before moving on to the next step of assembling the momos. The filling should be flavorful and moist, as it will steam inside the momo wrapper. Feel free to experiment with different fillings and adjust the ingredients according to your taste preferences.

Remember, momos are versatile, and you can customize the filling to suit your dietary preferences and flavor preferences. Whether you prefer meaty, vegetarian, or even cheesy fillings, the options are endless. So get creative and enjoy the process of preparing the delicious momo filling!

Assembling the Momos

Now that you have prepared the filling and rolled out the wrappers, it’s time to assemble the momos. Follow these steps to create delicious and perfectly shaped momos:

  1. Take a round wrapper in your hand and place a spoonful of filling in the center. The amount of filling will depend on the size of the wrapper, but be careful not to overstuff it as it may burst during steaming.
  2. Wet the edges of the wrapper with a little water using your finger. This will help seal the momos and prevent them from opening up while steaming.
  3. Fold the wrapper in half, creating a semi-circle shape. Press the edges together firmly to seal them, ensuring there are no gaps.
  4. Starting from one end, use your thumb and index finger to create a pleated pattern along the sealed edge. Fold and press the edge towards the center, then move to the next section and repeat until you reach the other end.
  5. Pinch and twist the top of the momo to ensure it is completely sealed. This will give the momos their characteristic shape and prevent any filling from escaping during steaming.
  6. Place the assembled momos on a tray or plate lined with parchment paper to prevent them from sticking. Make sure to leave some space between each momo to avoid them sticking together.
  7. Continue assembling the rest of the momos in the same way until all the filling and wrappers are used.
  8. If you are not planning to steam the momos immediately, cover the tray with a clean, damp cloth to prevent them from drying out. You can also refrigerate the assembled momos for a couple of days before steaming.
  9. When you are ready to steam the momos, bring water to a boil in a steamer. Place the momos in the steamer basket, making sure they are not overcrowded and have enough space to expand while cooking.

Cooking Methods for Momos

Steaming Momos

Steaming is a traditional and popular method of cooking momos that results in a deliciously tender and juicy dumpling. Follow these steps to steam your momos to perfection:

  1. Prep the steamer: Begin by adding water to the bottom container of your steamer. Place the steamer on a flame and bring the water to a boil. This will create the steam necessary for cooking the momos.
  2. Line the steamer: To ensure that the momos do not stick to each other and the steamer, line it with parchment paper. This will make it easier to remove the momos once they are cooked.
  3. Place the momos: Carefully place the shaped momos in the steamer, ensuring that they are not sticking to each other. Leave some space between each momo to allow steam to circulate around them evenly.
  4. Cover and steam: Once all the momos are in the steamer, cover the lid and allow them to steam for about 6 minutes on a medium flame. This cooking time may vary depending on the thickness of the momo dough, so it is important to keep an eye on them.
  5. Check for doneness: After 6 minutes, remove one momo from the steamer and cut it open to check if it is cooked through. The filling should be hot and cooked, and the dough should be firm and not doughy. If needed, steam the momos for an additional minute or two until they are fully cooked.
  6. Serve and enjoy: Once the momos are cooked to perfection, remove them from the steamer and serve immediately. Steamed momos are often enjoyed with a side of tangy and spicy dipping sauce for added flavor.

Remember, steaming momos is a gentle and delicate cooking method, allowing the flavors to meld together while retaining the moistness of the filling. With a little practice, you’ll be able to master the art of steaming momos and enjoy this delectable dish with friends and family.

Frying Momos

While steamed momos are the traditional and healthier option, frying momos adds a whole new level of flavor and texture to this beloved dish. The crispy exterior and juicy filling make fried momos an irresistible treat. If you’re feeling adventurous and want to try something different, here’s how you can fry momos to perfection.

  1. Prepare the Dough: Start by making the momo dough using all-purpose flour, salt, and lukewarm water. Knead the dough until it becomes smooth and elastic. Let it rest for at least 30 minutes to allow the gluten to relax.
  2. Prepare the Filling: For fried momos, you can use the same fillings as the steamed version. Whether it’s a vegetarian filling with a variety of veggies or a flavorful chicken filling, make sure the ingredients are finely chopped and well-seasoned.
  3. Shape the Momos: Divide the dough into small portions and roll them into thin, circular wrappers. Remember to keep the wrappers a little thicker around the edges to prevent them from breaking during frying. Place a spoonful of filling in the center of each wrapper and fold it into your desired shape, ensuring the edges are sealed tightly.
  4. Heat the Oil: In a deep frying pan or wok, heat enough oil to deep fry the momos. Make sure the oil is hot but not smoking. To check the temperature, drop a small piece of dough into the oil. If it sizzles and rises to the surface immediately, the oil is ready.
  5. Fry the Momos: Gently slide the momos into the hot oil, making sure not to overcrowd the pan. Fry them in batches, if necessary. Allow the momos to cook until they turn golden brown and crispy, which usually takes about 3-4 minutes. Flip them occasionally for even cooking.
  6. Drain and Serve: Using a slotted spoon, remove the fried momos from the oil and place them on a paper towel-lined plate to remove excess oil. Serve them hot with a dipping sauce of your choice, such as soy sauce, chili sauce, or a tangy tomato-based dip.
  7. Variations and Tips: For an extra crispy coating, you can dip the momos in beaten egg before frying.
  • Experiment with different fillings, such as cheese and mushroom, shrimp and leek, or even a sweet filling for dessert momos.
  • If you’re health-conscious but still want the crispy texture, you can shallow fry the momos instead of deep frying them.
  • Leftover fried momos can be reheated in the oven to regain some crispiness.

Frying momos is a fantastic way to enjoy this popular dish with a twist. The combination of the crispy exterior and the flavorful filling will surely satisfy your cravings. So, next time you’re in the mood for momos, give frying a try and indulge in this delectable treat!